What does MPG stand for?. When you look at your dash or head to the fuel pumps, we think about our MPG, but what does MPG really mean?
MPG is an abbreviation for Miles Per Gallon. It refers to how fast a vehicle can travel on one gallon of fuel. MPG is influenced by such factors as the condition of the engine and the speed at which a car is driven.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have issued a joint final rule establishing new requirements for a fuel economy and environment label that will be posted on the window sticker of all new automobiles sold in the U.S. The redesigned label provides expanded information about new vehicle fuel economy and fuel consumption, greenhouse gas and smog-forming emissions.
Fuel economy is measured under controlled conditions in a laboratory using a standardized test procedure specified by federal law. Manufacturers test their own vehicles, usually pre-production prototypes, and report the results to EPA.
EPA fuel economy tests are conducted according to federal testing regulations, which require 100 percent gasoline. While it is common for gasoline pumps to allow for up to 10 percent ethanol, the actual amount of ethanol blended into the gasoline varies greatly, and fuel blending requirements vary by state.
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